Performance Benchmarks

Our evaluation routine for hard-drive based direct-attached storage devices borrows heavily from the testing methodology for flash-based direct-attached storage devices. The testbed hardware is reused. CrystalDiskMark is used for a quick performance overview. Real-world performance testing is done with our custom test suite involving robocopy bencharks and PCMark 8's storage bench.

CrystalDiskMark uses four different access traces for reads and writes over a configurable region size. Two of the traces are sequential accesses, while two are 4K rando accesses. Internally, CrystalDiskMark uses the Microsoft DiskSpd storage testing tool. The 'Seq Q32T1' sequential traces use 128K block size with a queue depth of 32 from a single thread, while the '4K Q32T1' ones do random 4K accesses with the same queue and thread configurations. The plain 'Seq' traces use a 1MiB block size. The plain '4K' ones are similar to the '4K Q32T1' except that only a single queue and single thread are used.

The first interesting comparison in the table below is between the My Book with the 5400 RPM HelioSeal drive and the G-Technology G-Drive with Thunderbolt over USB 3.0 that employs a 7200 RPM HelioSeal drive. While the 1 MB sequential access traces show the 7200 RPM drive in better light, the use of a bridge chip supporting UASP helps the 5400 RPM My Book pull ahead by a huge margin in the high queue-depth sequential access trace.

HDD-Based Direct-Attached Storage Benchmarks - CrystalDiskMark

The second interesting comparison is between the My Passport and the LaCie Porsche Design Mobile Drive. The Seagate Backup Plus, though being based on the same internal drive as the LaCie Porsche Design Mobile Drive, was evaluated with an older version of CrystalDiskMark / different testbed, and its results are only presented here for the sake of completeness. Going back to the comparison, we find that the different bridge chip configuration, as well as differences in caching and hard drive firmware, make each of the units perform better than the other under different use-case scenarios. That said, the LaCie Porsche Design Mobile Drive performs better overall for this set of artificial benchmark traces.

Moving on to the real-world benchmarks, we first look at the results from our custom robocopy test. In this test, we transfer three folders with the following characteristics.

  • Photos: 15.6 GB collection of 4320 photos (RAW as well as JPEGs) in 61 sub-folders
  • Videos: 16.1 GB collection of 244 videos (MP4 as well as MOVs) in 6 sub-folders
  • BR: 10.7 GB Blu-ray folder structure of the IDT Benchmark Blu-ray (the same that we use in our robocopy tests for NAS systems)

The test starts off with the Photos folder in a RAM drive in the testbed. robocopy is used with default arguments to mirror it onto the storage drive under test. The content on the RAM drive is then deleted. robocopy is again used to transfer the content, but, from the storage drive under test to the RAM drive. The first segment gives the write speed, while the second one gives the read speed for the storage device. The segments end with the purge of the contents from the storage device. This process is repeated thrice and the average of all the runs is recorded as the performance number. The same procedure is adopted for the Videos and the BR folders.

The performance numbers show that the My Passport 4TB performs better than the LaCie Porsche Design Mobile Drive 4TB for reads, while the situation is reversed for writes (which is similar to the behavior we encountered in the CrystalDiskMark traces). The G-Technology G-Drive with Thunderbolt 8TB betters the My Book 8TB consistently even over the former's non-UASP USB 3.0 interface. The Seagate Innov8 is nowhere in the picture because of the Archive HDD inside, but its use-case (bus-powered high-capacity DAS) is quite different compared to the My Book. Readers interested in looking at all the graphs in one shot can choose the 'Expand All' option in the dropdown menu.

Photos Read

High-performance external storage devices can also be used for editing multimedia files directly off the unit. They can also be used as OS-to-go boot drives. Evaluation of this aspect is done using PCMark 8's storage bench. The storage workload involves games as well as multimedia editing applications. The command line version allows us to cherry-pick storage traces to run on a target drive. We chose the following traces.

  • Adobe Photoshop (Light)
  • Adobe Photoshop (Heavy)
  • Adobe After Effects
  • Adobe Illustrator

Usually, PC Mark 8 reports time to complete the trace, but the detailed log report has the read and write bandwidth figures which we present in our performance tables. Note that the bandwidth number reported in the results don't involve idle time compression. Results might appear low, but that is part of the workload characteristic. Note that the same CPU is being used for all configurations. Therefore, comparing the numbers for each trace should be possible across different DAS units. The general trend we observed in the robocopy benchmarks is seen here also. Readers interested in looking at all the graphs in one shot can choose the 'Expand All' option in the dropdown menu below.

Adobe Photoshop Light Read

Introduction and Product Impressions Thermal Aspects and Power Consumption
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  • BoloMKXXVIII - Wednesday, October 26, 2016 - link

    NEVER trust your backup data to the cloud unless you are cool with ALL the government agencies snooping through your stuff and potentially having hackers in your stuff. Time after time we learn about terrible security practices of online companies that are supposed to know better. Have multiple backups stored in different locations (home and work, home and family members house, etc.). Reply
  • Michael Bay - Monday, October 17, 2016 - link

    My old 500Gb WD Green died on me some time ago. Other than that, I have no complaints.
    I have replaced it with Seagate ST2000DM001 which has, shall we say, questionable reputation, of which I only learned postfactum. It has worked well for three years now, but boy is it LOUD.

    On DAS side, my old 1Tb WD has somehow lost all of the data, probably had to do with FAT failure. And one of my new 8Tb Seagate`s has a concerning habit of going unresponsive sometimes after I copy something big to it. Somehow it always coincides with torrent client running(it doesn`t have to download anything, just running is enough).

    Point is, it`s a goddamn lottery.
    Reply
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  • StevoLincolnite - Sunday, October 16, 2016 - link

    The Chassis looks like an Xbox One. Reply
  • Samus - Monday, October 17, 2016 - link

    I actually like the chassis. What bothers me is, like Seagate chassis, they are a bitch to open and shuck. As Ganesh said, the 2.5" isn't even shuckable because it has a USB bridge on the PCB (there is no SATA connection) and the 3.5" drive has a nerfed firmware, not uncommon on Seagate drives.

    Years ago I received legal threats from Seagate for posting firmware dump \ flash instructions in the AT forums to "hack" shucked external drives to operate on SATA with the full AHCI command set. I'm sure this is still business as usual for these companies, but less relevant as they make custom PCB's for their external drives that remove the physical SATA interface all together.

    Backblaze operates about 12% of their data center on shucked drives according to their purchase reports from 2011-2012, due to the global disk shortage during that period due to floods in Thailand...they literally drove store to store buying every retail drive they could, including external drives, in order to meet their expansion demands during that period.

    Unfortunately the consequences of this led storage companies to do everything they reasonable could to prevent shucking; they had previously ignored shucking when it was a hobbyist niche, but the sheer scale of backblaze doing this (we are talking thousands of drives in a matter of months during a global crisis) this act alone was enough to hit their bottom line as external drives were sold at a lower price.

    Personally, I don't feel Backblaze did anything wrong, they found a creative way to survive.
    Reply
  • Xajel - Monday, October 17, 2016 - link

    The thing I hate about WD is that they started the bad habit of integrating the USB<->SATA bridge into the HDD board it self without any physical way to bypass it ( direct SATA connection )... they said that to be able to make the drives smaller and smaller, but the other reason they don't want to give is to cut costs and when any drive fail ( duo to USB connector or bridge failure ) then 90% of customers will just go and buy another one !! Reply
  • damianrobertjones - Monday, October 17, 2016 - link

    " then 90% of customers will just go and buy another one !!"

    Hopefully from another company.
    Reply
  • Michael Bay - Monday, October 17, 2016 - link

    There is only one another company though. Reply
  • valinor89 - Monday, October 17, 2016 - link

    Seems that consumer ping pong is a game played between companies nowadays instead of trying for retention.... Reply
  • Notmyusualid - Monday, October 17, 2016 - link

    I'm very happy you made note of the fact that you cannot use this WD 2.5" disk in a normal manner outside of its USB enclosure - as I just purchased the 3TB version just for that purpose, and was CRUSHED to find the USB-SATA controller as part of the drives' mainboard also.

    And that wasn't a cheap mistake to make.
    Reply

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