Power Outage at Samsung’s Fab Destroys 3.5% of Global NAND Flash Output For Marchby Anton Shilov on March 16, 2018 7:00 AM EST
A half-hour power outage at Samsung’s fab near Pyeongtaek, South Korea, disrupted production and damaged tens of thousands of processed wafers. Media reports claim that the outage destroyed as much as 3.5% of the global NAND supply for March, which may have an effect on flash memory pricing in the coming weeks.
The outage happened on March 9 and lasted for about 30 minutes, according to a news story from Taiwain-based TechNews that cites further South Korean reports. The report claims that the outage damaged 50,000 to 60,000 of wafers with V-NAND flash memory, which represent 11% of Samsung’s monthly output. The report further estimates that the said amount equates to approximately 3.5% of global NAND output, but does not elaborate whether it means wafer output or bit output.
Samsung uses its fab near Pyeongtaek to produce 64-layer V-NAND chips used for various applications. The fab is among the largest flash production facilities in the world and therefore any disruption there has an effect on the global output of non-volatile memory. Meanwhile, since production lines have not been damaged and the fab is back online, the significance of such an effect is limited.
Power outages tend to happen on various semiconductor plants and at times they harm production wafers. Typically, companies can deal with the situation and unless manufacturing lines get damaged, major shortages of memory never happen if problems at fabs do not occur in peak seasons when manufacturers are building up stocks of new products. According to the report, Samsung has a stockpile of NAND chips, which is expected to enable to company to fulfill its short-term shipments commitments.
Samsung itself has already produced volumes of its latest Galaxy S9/S9+ smartphones it needed to support channel sales in the coming months, therefore it is not going to require massive amounts of NAND memory in the coming weeks. Meanwhile, other major consumers of NAND will start to build up inventory of memory only later this year when they start to prep for product launches in August or September.
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jrs77 - Friday, March 16, 2018 - linkI don't believe for a second, that it really happened. It's just another one of those stories to inflate the prices.
phantom505 - Friday, March 16, 2018 - linkAh, another tin-foil hat Libertarian in the computer biz that thinks he knows everything including the notion "he can see all the conspiracies". Moving on.
Flunk - Friday, March 16, 2018 - link11% of Samsung’s monthly output from a 30 minute power outage sounds really unlikely. If that was the case wouldn't they have multiple redundant battery backups? If true, the potential loses for Samsung are in the millions, I can't see the accountants signing off on a risk like that.
To sum it up, the reports are very suspicious.
DanNeely - Friday, March 16, 2018 - link11% implies roughly 3.3 days to complete a wafer (80 hours if the factory is running around the clock; less if they only run 1 or 2 shifts and/or close on weekdays). If that's not a realistic number I'd expect them to be called on it by actual semi-conductor engineers (but remember the many additional layers in vnand should take longer to produce than planar chips).
UPSing/generatoring an entire factory isn't going to be cheap, if power outages are rare enough insuring against the loss instead of making a massive infrastructure investment is going to be the way to go.
peevee - Friday, March 16, 2018 - link"UPSing/generatoring an entire factory isn't going to be cheap"
Except you don't need to keep the entire factory operational just to make sure the shutdown is soft, without damaging anything already in production.
saratoga4 - Friday, March 16, 2018 - link>Except you don't need to keep the entire factory operational just to make sure the shutdown is soft, without damaging anything already in production.
They'll have enough backup to shut everything down safely, but anything half way processed is trash at that point. If you're half way through deposition, and the machine powers down, it's not like you can just deposit a second layer on top to make up the difference. That'd be a dead chip anyway.
Morawka - Friday, March 16, 2018 - linkwhich is why the actual lithography machines should be running on redundant power sources. Whomever designed that factory surely did not overlook this.
Samus - Friday, March 16, 2018 - linkYou would only hear about something like this from Samsung. I've never heard of a FAB losing production due to a power loss in the 30+ years I've been paying attention to semiconductor production.
Sure, you could say the likes of Intel would keep it hush hush out of embarrassment (because this is an embarrassment) but this is the semiconductor manufacturing equivalent of Fukushima (an embarrassment) because its completely avoidable. The difference here is this is a relatively new, state of the art fabrication plant, and Fukishima a 60's era GE BWR that had a backup generator system last updated in the 90's.
I mean, how does a 30 minute power loss really happen in new construction. I've installed permanent natural gas generators in businesses and homes for a decade and the longest a power outage last is 10 seconds while the generator starts up and the switch panel swaps the poles. For those 10 seconds, various UPS's keep critical equipment operational during the switch over.
Hul8 - Friday, March 16, 2018 - linkIf you accept that Samsung suffered a power outage (therefore technology sometimes fails), why assume that they had no UPS instead of their UPS systems failing or being misconfigured?
Ushio01 - Saturday, March 17, 2018 - linkWell global foundries fab 8 needs 80MW's to run and the 40MW back ups aren't enough to save in-production wafers if there is a power cut. Fabs are huge and very power hungry a couple of seconds of power loss and everything in-production is scrap.